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Factors in Organisational Environmental Management System Implementation – Developed vs. Developing Country Contexts

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2014, pp 408-421
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2014.02.0032
Constance Kola-Lawal1 , Mike Wood1, Babajide Alo2, Andrew Clark1
1 School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Greater Manchester, England
2 Department of Chemistry, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria


Country specificities and national cultures influence Environmental Management Systems (EMS) implementation and pro-environmental behaviour in organisations. Previous studies have focused on organisations in developed or emerging economies, creating a need to establish the extent to which findings are applicable to developing counterparts. This paper presents EMS implementation from a developing country perspective, reporting on EMS implementation factors (drivers, benefits, barriers) affecting Nigerian organisations’ pro-environmental behaviour, by analysing questionnaire responses from 136 Nigerian organisational respondents. Most commonly cited drivers were ‘environmental concern’ and ‘desire for improved organisational efficiency’. Key barriers were ‘cost of implementation/budget barriers’ and ‘regulatory agency bureaucracy’. Key benefits were ‘reduced environmental accidents and improved site safety’, ‘enhanced corporate image’ and ‘more efficient resource use’. To situate findings within a global construct, results were compared with previous studies in more developed economies. EMS implementation factors differed from those in more developed economies. Plausible explanations for differences are discussed.

Keywords: Benefits, Drivers, Environmental management system, Environmental behaviour

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