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Advancing Energy Efficiency in Wood-Fired Stoves: Investigating the Feasibility and Implementation of Thermoelectric Generators

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 12, Issue 1, 1120489
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d12.0489
Katarzyna Szramowiat-Sala1 , Krzysztof Sornek2
1 AGH University of Krakow, Kraków, Poland
2 AGH University of Krakow, Krakow, Poland

Abstract

This paper deals with incorporating thermoelectric generators into wood-fired stove to enhance energy efficiency and explore sustainable heating solutions. Wood-fired stoves are essential solutions for heating and cooking, but their conventional design poses environmental impact and efficiency challenges. By utilizing thermoelectric generators to capture waste heat, this research aims to elevate the overall performance of wood-fired stoves, reduce emissions, and optimize energy conversion. Through comprehensive experimental data and analysis, the study sheds light on the potential of thermoelectric generator integration, even in manually operated wood-fired stoves. The research stages outlined in the paper focus on selecting the most favorable conditions for thermoelectric generator installation, revealing that thermoelectric generators' highest power generation efficacy reached around 42% in a stove without an accumulation layer and slightly exceeded 30% in a stove with an accumulation layer.

Keywords: Wood-fired stove, Biomass combustion, Emission control, Thermoelectric generator, Microcogeneration

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