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Heating Performance Analysis of a Geothermal Heat Pump Working with Different Zeotropic and Azeotropic Mixtures

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2018, pp 240-253
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d5.0189
Robert Bedoić , Veljko Filipan
Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, Savska cesta 16, Zagreb, Croatia


The aim of the paper is to examine the possibility of application of the spreadsheet calculator and Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties database to a thermodynamic process. The heating process of a real soil-to-water heat pump, including heat transfer in the borehole heat exchanger has been analysed. How the changes of condensing temperature, at constant evaporating temperature, influence the following: heating capacity, compressor effective power, heat supplied to evaporator, compression discharge temperature and coefficient of performance, are investigated. Also, the energy characteristics of a heat pump using different refrigerants for the same heating capacity and the same temperature regime are compared. The following refrigerants are considered: two zeotropic mixtures, R407C and R409A, a mixture with some zeotropic characteristics, R410A, and an azeotropic mixture, R507A.

Keywords: Heat pump, Reference fluid thermodynamic and transport properties database, Azeotropic and zeotropic mixtures.

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