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Techno-economic, Social and Environmental Assessment of Biomass Based District Heating in a Bioenergy Village

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, pp 601-614
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d7.0257
Vasil Bozhikaliev1, Ilija Sazdovski1, Jens Adler2, Natasa Markovska3
1 The International Centre for Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES-Skopje), Mitropolit Teodosij Gologanov 70-16, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
2 Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Reichpietschufer 20, 10785 Berlin, Deutschland
3 Research Centre for Energy and Sustainable Development, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Bul. Krste Misirkov, 2, P.O. Box 428, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia


Bioenergy villages can be defined as villages, municipalities, settlements or communities, which produce and use most of their energy from local bioenergy and other renewable energy sources. A bioenergy village approach has not been applied in Macedonia yet, and it is at a nascent stage of implementation in other South-Eastern European countries. This work aims to integrate a techno-economic, social and environmental assessment and an implementation strategy into a bioenergy village concept, which is not often seen in works dedicated to bioenergy villages and biomass based heating systems. The assessment was conducted by means of energy audit and project-related tools, whilst the strategy was composed by bioenergy working group meetings. Results show that a biomass based district heating system is a more attractive solution for heating several public buildings instead of a fossil fuelled system, with numerous associated benefits. Such concepts can be replicated with variety of renewables, thus contributing to sustainable development pathways of small communities.

Keywords: Bioenergy village, Bioenergy, Biomass, District heating.

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