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Thermogravimetry as a Research Method in the Transformation Processes of Waste Rubber and Plastic Products for Energy Carriers (WtE and WtL Processes)

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 163-171
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0012
Ewa Rostek1 , Krzysztof Biernat2
1 Centre of Materials Testing and Mechatronics, Motor Transport Institute, Warsaw, Poland
2 Department of Fuels and Renewable Energy, Automotive Industry Institute, Warsaw, Poland

The paper describes the basic problems regarding the possibility of using waste plastics and tire rubber waste as raw materials for the preparation of liquid energy carriers for transport (WtL processes) or directly to energy use in a WtE. Simultaneous measurements were performed at Thermal Analyzer STA 449 F3 Jupiter's (Netzsch). The study was conducted for waste samples of different density polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate and rubber from waste tires. Gasification process of subjecting the sample was recorded TG and DSC curve, observing changes in mass, temperature and enthalpy. These studies were carried out in order to pre-determine the kinetics of thermal decomposition. The study, conducted in an atmosphere of argon/nitrogen (non-oxidizing atmosphere), both in terms of the changes of enthalpy and mass are summarized in the respective charts.

Keywords: Waste to Energy, Waste to Liquid, Plastic Waste, TG/DSC, Kinetics of Thermal Decomposition

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