Energy Efficiency Road Mapping in Three Future Scenarios for Lao PDR

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 172-186
Hajime Sasaki1 , Kensuke Yamaguchi2, Go Yoshizawa3, Ichiro Sakata1, Hideaki Shiroyama1
1 Policy Alternatives Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
2 Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Biomedical Ethics and Public Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan

Climate change, pollution, and energy insecurity are among the greatest problems of our time. These problems are no longer issues in particular countries but international issues. Several framework conventions on these issues are now in place throughout the world, and developing countries are no exception. Energy efficiency is one of the important issues for developing countries. Lao PDR is one such country. This paper proposes a technology roadmap and policy recommendations for Lao PDR with consideration given to a wide range of economic and social impacts of prospective technologies. For the implementation of technology assessment in the formulation of an energy efficiency roadmap, we first elaborate the social and economic conditions of Lao PDR through preliminary research and field research, and then design three scenarios for a future Lao PDR. These three scenarios are as follows: 1. The "Poverty Reduction” scenario is for electrification rate improvement; 2. The “Industrial Creation” scenario is for stable domestic energy supply; and 3. The “GMS Integration” scenario is for the acquisition of foreign exchange by energy export.

Keywords: Developing countries, Energy Efficiency, Supply-side electricity, Technology Road map, Technology Assessment, East ASIAN, Policy suggestions

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