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Rural Electrification through Decentralized Concentrating Solar Power: Technological and Socio-Economic Aspects

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 199-212
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0015
Sylvain Quoilin1 , Matthew Orosz2
1 Energy Systems Research Unit, Université de Liege, Belgium
2 Parsons Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA

This paper presents the development of small-scale solar Organic Rankine Cycles for rural electrification in remote areas of Lesotho. It is subdivided in two parts. The first part deals with the success conditions of decentralized rural electrification projects. Through a literature survey, relevant guiding principles and recommendations are formulated. The second part of the paper describes the proposed system, which is designed in agreement with the formulated recommendations. A framework for benchmarking the performance and cost of various micro-utility platforms and rural electrification distribution models is proposed.

Keywords: Rural electrification, Concentrating Solar Power, CSP, Organic Rankine Cycle, ORC, Off-grid, Development

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