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Does Knowledge Contribute to the Acceptance of Demand Response?

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 51-60
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2014.02.0005
Salla Annala , Satu Viljainen, Jussi Tuunanen, Samuli Honkapuro
LUT Energy, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland

More flexible demand side would benefit the electricity markets, networks and sustainable power generation in many ways. The success of demand response programs, however, relies on consumer acceptance. This paper reviews previous studies about acceptability of different kinds of residential demand response programs. Furthermore, it discusses whether consumers who are more aware of the principles and benefits of demand response have more positive attitudes towards demand response programs. The results of the literature review and two survey studies suggest that price and security of supply are currently bigger motives to change consumption behaviour than environmental issues and that the savings expected to trigger any action (and to lead to lasting change in behaviour) may be relatively high. Therefore, the framing of demand response programs goals may affect the acceptance. Additionally, consumers seem to prefer simple price structures that remain constant for a long time to more dynamic options.

Keywords: Demand response, Load control, Time-varying prices, Consumer behaviour, Acceptability, Electricity

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