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Determination by Landsat Satellite Imagery to Local Scales in Land and Pollution Monitoring: A Case of Buyuk Melen Watershed (Turkey)

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 389-404
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2015.03.0029
Ipek F. Barut1 , Hulya Keskin Citiroglu2, Murat Oruc3, Aycan M. Marangoz3
1 Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Istanbul University, Muskile S. 2 Vefa, Istanbul, Turkey
2 YIKOB Investment Monitoring and Coordination Presidency, İnönü Bulvarı No. 4 Bakanlıklar, Aydin, Turkey
3 Geomatics Engineering Department, Bulent Ecevit University, İncivez Mh., 67100, Zonguldak, Turkey

Buyuk Melen Watershed provides drinking water from the Western Black Sea region to Istanbul province, which Buyuk and Kucuk Melen rivers, Asar, Ugur and Aksu rivers. Many settlement areas, fertilized agricultural lands, industrial plants and solid/liquid waste dumping areas have present in Melen watershed, causing substantial pollution problems. Melen watershed has been at a serious risk of pollution that a lot of settlement areas, agricultural lands, industrial facilities, and solid and liquid waste. In this study, LANDSAT satellite data was used to monitor the status of this area on the potential of the region studied. In the watershed change of 1987, 2001, 2006 and 2010 and also supported by satellite data. However, contaminants in the watershed discharges to the inner parts as shown from the satellite data have also been observed that the increase in pollution.

Keywords: Buyuk Melen Watershed (Turkey), Drainage network, LANDSAT remote sensing data, Land used, Riverbed change, Temporal changes.

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