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From the Wood-Based Community to the Circular, Carbon-Neutral and Sustainable Bioeconomy: recommendations for the transition

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 12, Issue 2, June 2024, 1120495
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d12.0495
Zlatko Nedić1 , Ivan Ambroš1, Ivan Janić1, Ana Bošković1, Danijel Cestarić2, Biljana Kulišić3
1 Competence Centre Ltd. for research and development, Vinkovci, Croatia
2 Croatian Forests Ltd., Vinkovci, Croatia
3 Energy Institute Hrvoje Požar, Zagreb, Croatia

Abstract

Bioeconomy is becoming a more interesting field for investments in the Republic of Croatia, especially in its small regions and local administrative units. Vukovar-Srijem county is one such unit in eastern Croatia with noticeable potential for development in a circular, carbon-neutral, and sustainable bioeconomy. Due to the nature potential represented by one of the largest forest reservoirs in Europe-Spačva basin, forestry is one of the most important county branches. Aiming to provide more inputs on the wood biomass management, the study on the biomass flow of Vukovar-Srijem county was conducted in 2020 by collecting data from local stakeholders and official reports. The study results have shown that Vukovar-Srijem county has the potential to increase the efficiency level of biomass use, but specific actions on the value-chain strengthening, finalisation of wood products, and innovative ecosystem establishment are still needed. The results highlight the predominant use of sawdust for heating purposes in the VSC region, suggesting potential for optimizing its utilization towards a circular, carbon-neutral, and sustainable bioeconomy, thus offering novel insights for future research and initiatives aiming to maximize economic and environmental benefits from wood biomass residues.

Keywords: Bioeconomy, Carbon, Circularity, Wood, Biomass flow, Vukovar-Srijem county, Croatia

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