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Low Carbon Transition through Renewables Sources – An Overview of the Renewable Energy Program in the State of Minas Gerais

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
ARTICLE IN PRESS (volume, issue and page numbers will be assigned later)
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d7.0295
Morjana M. dos Anjos1, Daniel R. Tenenwurcel2, Larissa A. O. Santos3, Wemerson R. Ferreira4, Antonella L. Costa1 , Elizabeth M. D. Pereira1
1 Department of Nuclear Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Pres. Antônio Carlos, 6627 – Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Brasil
2 Secretariat for Economic Development Science, Technology, and Higher Education, Rodovia Papa João Paulo II, 4001, 8º andar do Edifício Gerais ‒ Cidade Administrativa, Serra Verde, 31630-901, Belo Horizonte, Brasil
3 Energy and Climate Change Management, Minas Gerais State Environmental Foundation, Rodovia Papa João Paulo II, 4143, 1º andar do Edifício Minas ‒ Cidade Administrativa, Belo Horizonte, Brasil
4 Department of Nuclear Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Pres. Antônio Carlos, 6627 – Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Brasil

Abstract

The Renewable Energy Program of Minas Gerais is one of the initiatives which aims at the intensification in the use of renewable sources in the state. The present paper applies a methodology to evaluate the effectiveness of such instrument to expand the number of renewable energy projects and its contribution to achieve the goals of the energy sector of the Brazilian Nationally Determined Contributions, that is, to increase the use of renewable energy by 45% until 2030. It has been observed that the expansion of the renewable energy sources at regional level has advanced by incentive policies with clearly defined goals and guidelines. However, the analyzed program does not attend to all the requirements and it is possible to conclude that the main state public policy of renewable energy expansion did not accomplish its objectives suggesting that a balanced mix of public policies must be implemented in order to promote an effective energy transition.

Keywords: Renewable energy, Job creation, Climate change, Energy transition, Renewable energy program of Minas Gerais, Indicator measurements.

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