Conversion of lignocellulose biomass to bioenergy through nanobiotechnology

Review paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
ARTICLE IN PRESS (scheduled for Vol 11, Issue 02 (general)), 1110442
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d11.0442 (registered soon)
Mohammad Al Zubi1, Aqarab Husnain Gondal2 , Franklin Ore Areche3, Guillermo Gomer Cotrina Cabello4, Pedro David Córdova Trujillo5, Manuel Llanos Zevallos6, R.Q Malik7, Yaseth Yohely Lijarza Llanos5, Alfonso Ruiz Rodriguez8, Jose Antonio Legua Cardenas9, Manuel Nicolás Morales Alberto10, Jhon Adolfo Quincho Astete11, Russbelt Yaulilahua-Huacho12
1 1Mechanical Engineering Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid-Jordan, Irbid, Jordan
2 University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Hafizabad, Pakistan
3 3Professional School of Agroindustrial Engineering, National University of Huancavelica, Huancavelica - 09001 – Peru, Huancavelica, Peru
4 Daniel Alcides Carrion National University Cerro de Pasco Peru, de Pasco, Peru
5 4Hermilio Valdizan National University of Huanuco, Huanuco - Peru, Huanucoo Peru, Peru
6 Daniel Alcides Carrion National University Cerro de Pasco Peru, de Pasco Peru, Peru
7 Medical Instrumentation Techniques Engineering Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq, Babylon, Iraq
8 Professional School of Agroindustrial Engineering, National University of Huancavelica, Huancavelica Peru, Huancavelica Peru, Peru
9 Jose Faustino Sanchez Carrion National University-Peru, Sanchez Carrion, Peru
10 National University of Cañete - Lima, Peru, lima, Peru
11 Altoandina National Autonomous University of Tarma, Tarma - Peru, Tarma - Peru, Peru
12 National University of Huancavelica, Huancavelica - 09001 - Peru, Huancavelica, Peru

Abstract

The growing global demand for energy, particularly petroleum-based fuels, has stimulated a long-term quest for an optimal source of sustainable energy. This barrier is removed by lignocellulosic biomass, which is an economical, easily accessible, and renewable fuel source that fits sustainability standards. However, large-scale use of most of the techniques results in significant handling costs and decontamination of the inhibitors released. Taken together, these limits increase the efficacy of present solutions and create a need for the development of a novel, environmentally sustainable, productive, and cost-effective technology for lignocellulose biomass conversion. In this context, the use of nanotechnology in the treatment of lignocellulose biomass to bioenergy exchange has gained significant attention and has been extensively researched in recent years. This review discussed how nanotechnology can be used to turn biomass into energy. It gives new ideas and tools for developing new industries, which will help the economy, grow in the long run. This careful examination will also shed light on some of the minor details surrounding the different ways of biomass conversion previously explored by other experts.

Keywords: lignocellulose; Treatments; Nanotechnology; Nanoparticles; Biorefineries

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