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Activated Carbon by Co-pyrolysis and Steam Activation from Particle Board and Melamine Formaldehyde Resin: Production, Adsorption Properties and Techno Economic Evaluation

Original scientific paper

Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
Volume 1, Issue 1, March 2013, pp 41-57
DOI: https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0004
Kenny Vanreppelen1,2 , Sonja Schreurs1,2, Tom Kuppens3, Theo Thewys3, Robert Carleer2, Jan Yperman2
1 Research group NuTeC, Department of Industrial Sciences and Technology - Engineering, XIOS Hogeschool Limburg, Diepenbeek, Belgium
2 Research group of Applied and Analytical Chemistry, Hasselt University,Diepenbeek, Belgium
3 Research group Environmental Economics and Law, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium


One of the top strategic objectives and research areas in Europe is recovering wood from processing and end of life products. However, there are still several "contaminated" wood products that are not or only partly reused/recycled. Particle board waste which is contaminated with aminoplasts is one of these products. In addition, a considerable amount of aminoplast waste resinis produced for the production of particle board that cannot be re-used or recycled. The chemical properties of these wastes (high nitrogen content of 5.9 wt% and 54.1 wt% for particle board and melamine formaldehyde respectively) make them ideal precursors for the production of nitrogenised activated carbon. The profitability of the produced activated carbon is investigated by calculating the net present value, the minimum selling price and performing a Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis. Encouraging results for a profitable production are obtained even though the current assumptions start from a rather pessimistic scenario.

Keywords: Particle board, Melamine Formaldehyde, Economic Evaluation, Pyrolysis, Monte Carlo Sensitivity Analysis, Activated Carbon

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